There are several types of therapy that can be considered cognitive therapy. Cognitive refers to thinking – the functions of memory, attention, perception, learning, planning, judgment and the ability to make decisions. Many conditions can impair one or more of these functions. For children with conditions like anxiety or depression, certain patterns of thinking may have developed which perpetuates the anxiety or depression and these “thinking patterns” can be addressed with cognitive therapy. Living with a disability places a child at risk for emotional concerns.
The two main forms of cognitive therapy are psychotherapy, sometimes known as cognitive-behavior therapy, and cognitive rehabilitation.