Content Adapted from: OMRDD Medication Administration Student Manual

Medications for Epilepsy and Seizures

Epilepsy is a brain disorder. When someone has epilepsy, clusters of nerve cells (also called neurons) in his or her brain sometimes send signals in an abnormal way. These nerve cells normally make impulses that cause other nerve cells, glands, and muscles, to create human thoughts, feelings, and actions. But, for a person with epilepsy, the normal pattern of activity changes. This can cause the person to have strange sensations, emotions, and behavior, or sometimes convulsions or seizures, muscle spasms, and loss of consciousness.

There are medications that are used to control seizure activity, like when the muscles move or have a spasm. These medications can’t cure epilepsy but can help.

Possible Side Effects

As with all medications certain side effects can happen. Make sure to check with your doctor and read all medication bottles thoroughly before giving the medications.

  • Rashes
  • Dizziness
  • Hair loss
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Poor coordination
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal cramps

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