Disorders that can Cause Epilepsy
Many conditions that result in injury to the brain can also cause epilepsy because the injury changes the normal workings of the brain. Examples of things that could cause brain injury include trauma, strokes, low oxygen delivery to the brain, brain surgery, infections (meningitis, encephalitis, AIDs, rare brain parasites) and poisoning (e.g. lead, carbon monoxide, substance abuse, overdoses of certain medications). Things that create pressure on the brain (e.g. hydrocephalus, brain tumors, bleeding in the brain) might also damage or irritate an area of the brain resulting in injury. There are many conditions that result in abnormal development or progressive deterioration of the brain which can result in seizures. These include a huge variety of genetic, metabolic and neurologic conditions, some of which are rare. There are genetic conditions where abnormal function of specific brain cellular processes may result in epilepsy. Epilepsy is also more common in a variety of developmental disabilities including cerebral palsy, developmental delay, autism, spina bifida and trisomy 21.
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